The Bernhardiner is a large breed of dog from Switzerland. There the Saint Bernard was originally bred by monks of the hospice on the Great St. Bernard as a guard, protection and rescue dog. Today, however, the St Bernard, which is classified by the FCI as Group 2, is also a popular family and companion dog.
Characteristics of the Saint Bernard
The life expectancy of the Saint Bernard is about 10 years. The animals reach a withers-height of 65 to 80 cm (bitches), respectively 70 to 90 cm (males). The weight of the Bernhardiners moves in an area of 55 to 80 kilograms.
The big animals are characterized by a powerful, harmoniously working physique with a wide back and a curved thorax. The head of the Saint Bernard is large and broad and has a forehead with a slight wrinkle formation as well as a conspicuous forehead furrow. His brown eyes are medium in size, his medium ears are set high.
St Bernards are bred both as shorthair and as longhair. The coat is dense and smooth with both variants and has a lot of undercoat. The basic colors of the Bernhardiners are either white or red-brown. The breed standard provides markings on the paws, the chest, the nose band, the blaze, the tip of the tail as well as in the neck.
St Bernard character and character
Despite their impressive size, St Bernards are extremely sensitive and gentle animals that prove to be extremely affectionate. Although their character can be described as calm and reserved, they have a lively temperament. In dealing with her family and especially with children she shows her selfless character, which also contributes to her suitability as a family dog.
Activities with the Saint Bernard
If dog owners have enough space, St Bernards are excellent family dogs. Some of them are also kept as guard dogs. Although they are still used as rescue dogs, their importance in this area has greatly decreased, as they have lost much of their original mobility due to breeding.
Considering their size, the need for movement of St Bernards is not quite as high as with other large dog breeds. Nevertheless, they naturally need enough exercise. Besides they need a lot of consequence and attention with the education and also the care expenditure should not be underestimated.
Dog sports are suitable for St Bernards, for example:
Saint Bernard Diseases
Unfortunately also the Bernhardiner does not remain spared from race-typical illnesses. The animals suffer comparatively frequently from problems with the eyes as well as from skin diseases.
St Bernard food
St Bernards need a special, high-quality food that provides them with all the necessary nutrients and at the same time helps to reduce the risk of stomach rotation.
It is important that the amount of food you eat is based on your actual needs. Various factors, such as age, weight and activities of the Saint Bernard, are decisive in determining the amount of food required.
Apart from normal dog food, we also recommend the following supplements for St Bernards:
- Bellfor Haut & Fell (Skin & Coat) (to prevent skin problems)
- Bellfor Gelenke & Knochen (Joints & Bones) (for prevention and supportive treatment of hip dysplasia)
Bellfor's nutrition concept supports the development and well-being of your Saint Bernard already at a young age.