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Breeds of dog: Character, Activities, Diseases, Food

Dog breeds and detailed breed portraits in the Bellfor dog glossary

The choice of different dog breeds is huge. Founded in 1911, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) is the largest authority on dog breeding in the world and recognises around 350 different breeds of dogs, which it divides into 10 groups, each with several sections.

However, there are also a number of other dog breeds that are either only recognised by other breeding associations or have not yet been recognised. All in all, there are probably more than 500 different breeds, which of course makes the decision-making process even more difficult for prospective dog owners.

Dog breeds by size

While the FCI traditionally divides dog breeds into groups such as social dogs or pointing dogs, which mainly refer to the intended use of the four-legged friend, size is probably the most important factor for many dog lovers.

After all, the differences here are enormous. From the tiny Chihuahua to medium-sized dogs like the Labrador up to true giants like the Great Dane, there are dog breeds in every imaginable size.

Usually dog breeds are categorised by size as small (up to 39 cm shoulder height), medium (up to 59 cm shoulder height) or large (from 60 cm shoulder height). This can help at least narrow the options when searching for a suitable companion.

Different dog breeds have different needs

Apart from size, the character and needs of different dog breeds can differ quite considerably. For example, there are, by nature, more placid companion dogs like the English Bulldog and the Pug, or particularly active and spirited four-legged friends like the Jack Russell Terrier.

Some dog breeds are classic working dogs. These include, for example, the Belgian Shepherd dog or hunting dogs such as the Weimaraner. These pedigree dogs usually require a certain amount of experience in terms of care and training, which is why they are generally not suitable as dog breeds for beginners.

Suitable dog breeds for every owner

The decision to welcome a dog into your life needs to be well thought out. After all, your four-legged friend will accompany you for many years and play an important role in your everyday routine. You should therefore consider beforehand which dog breeds best suit your lifestyle.

If you have children, for example, it is advisable to limit your choice to dog breeds suitable for families. If you like to be out in nature often, an active pedigree dog might be a good fit, while more leisurely dog lovers should choose a breed with a lower need for activity.

In our dog glossary you’ll find detailed breed portraits for all popular dog breeds, so that you can find the right four-legged companion for you.

Appropriate nutrition for all dog breeds

It is no secret that high-quality dog food is very important for the health and well-being of your dog. What many people are not aware of, however, is the fact that the various breeds of dog have very different nutritional needs.

The dietary requirements for a Dachshund do not necessarily correspond to those for a Dalmatian, for example. Our guide not only contains information about the appearance and nature of different dog breeds, but also tips on following the right diet, so that you can take breed-specific characteristics into account and keep your pet healthy.



German Spitz: dog food and breed portrait

The German Spitz is an old dog breed from Germany. The breed is bred in five different varieties, which are managed by the FCI in group 5, section 4. There the German Spitz share the breed stand..

09/04/2020 Views:10680

Pomeranian: dog food and breed portrait

The Pomeranian is a small dog from Germany. It is the smallest of the five variants of the German Spitz. The Pomeranian is also known under the name Pomeranian and enjoys great popul..

07/04/2020 Views:8967

Spitz Klein: dog food and breed portrait

The Spitz Klein is the second smallest representative among the German lace. It is characterized by its affectionate and friendly nature. These characteristics make the Kleinspitz an excel..

07/04/2020 Views:7271

Giant Spitz: dog food and breed portrait

The Giant Spitz is the second largest variety of the German Spitz, which are combined in a breed standard by the FCI. Despite its friendly character, the Giant Spitz is rare today and ..

07/04/2020 Views:9012

Central Asian Ovcharka: dog food and breed portrait

The Central Asian Ovcharka is a strong and large dog from Central Asia. The breed standard is maintained by Russia and the FCI lists him among the mountain dogs in group 2, section 2.2. ..

04/04/2020 Views:7908

Caucasian Ovcharka (Shepherd dog): dog food and breed portrait

The Caucasian Ovcharka is a large dog that originally comes from the former Soviet Union. His breed standard is today looked after by Russia. The FCI leads the Caucasian Owtscharka in group 2, sec..

04/04/2020 Views:7091

Bearded Collie: dog food and breed portrait

The Bearded Collie is a medium sized dog from Great Britain. Like all Collies he was originally bred as a herding dog. The FCI therefore classes the Bearded Collie in group 1, section 1 (s..

01/04/2020 Views:7182

Miniature Schnauzers: dog food and breed portrait

The Miniature Schnauzer is a small dog from Germany. He is the smallest representative of the three recognized Schnauzer types and is listed by the FCI in Group 2, Section 1 (Pinscher and Schnau..

01/04/2020 Views:7052

German Wirehaired Pointer: dog food and breed portrait

The German Wirehaired Pointer is a large dog breed from Germany. He is a classic hunting dog, which can be used in many ways for hunting. The FCI leads the German Wirehaired Pointer in group 7..

01/04/2020 Views:8080

Grand poodle: dog food and breed portrait

The large poodle is a medium sized dog breed that originated in France. There it was formerly used as a hunting dog for water hunting. Today, the King Poodle, as the Grand Poodle is als..

01/04/2020 Views:9179

Malinois: dog food and breed portrait

The Malinois is one of the four recognised varieties of the Belgian Shepherd Dog. The breed, which is managed by the FCI in Group 1, Section 1 (Shepherds), is known for its great eagerness..

01/04/2020 Views:11863

Airedale Terrier: dog food and breed portrait

The Airedale Terrier originally comes from Great Britain. He is one of the oldest working dog breeds at all. The FCI leads the Airedale Terrier in group 3, section 1 (high running terriers). ..

01/04/2020 Views:8228

Irish Wolfhound: dog food and breed portrait

The Irish Wolfhound is a large breed of dogs from Ireland. It belongs to the rough-coated sighthounds and is accordingly listed by the FCI in Group 10, Section 2. Despite its enormous size, t..

31/03/2020 Views:6822

Small Münsterländer: dog food and breed portrait

The Small Münsterländer is a medium sized dog from Germany. It is a classic hunting dog, which is appreciated by hunters mainly because of its versatility and reliability. Thanks to his friendly and b..

19/03/2020 Views:10463

Giant Schnauzer: dog food and breed portrait

The giant schnauzer is a large dog from Germany. The breed is one of the recognized service dog breeds and is listed by the FCI in group 2, section 1 (Pinscher and Schnauzer).The Giant Schnauzer is ch..

13/03/2020 Views:8475

Galgo Español: dog food and breed portrait

The Galgo Español is a large sighthound from Spain. He is partly also called Spanish Sighthound or simply Galgo and is led by the FCI in group 10, section 3. The Galgo Español has a long his..

08/01/2020 Views:10662

Basenji: dog food and breed portrait

The Basenji is a medium sized dog that originally comes from Central Africa. He is partly also called Congo Terrier and is listed by the FCI in group 5, section 6 (dogs of the original t..

06/01/2020 Views:9105

Greyhound: dog food and breed portrait

The Greyhound is a large breed of dogs from Great Britain. He belongs to the sighthounds and is accordingly listed by the FCI in group 10, section 3. The Greyhound is the second fastest la..

06/01/2020 Views:8283

Whippet: dog food and breed portrait

The Whippet is a medium sized dog breed from Great Britain. The FCI lists the Whippet, which is sometimes also called Little English Sighthound, among the short-haired sighthounds in Group 10,..

06/01/2020 Views:10283

Sloughi: dog food and breed portrait

The Sloughi is a large dog breed from Morocco. The short-haired sighthounds are led by the FCI in group 10, section 3. In their home country they are still frequently used for hunting. In Eur..

06/01/2020 Views:7119

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