Kidney insufficiency in dogs
If kidney failure occurs in dogs, this has serious consequences for the animal. After all, kidneys are a vital organ. Their task is to filter toxins out of the body. If they are no longer able to do this, these pollutants are deposited in the dog's organism within a very short time.
In the following, you will learn everything you need to know about the various forms of kidney insufficiency in dogs, their causes, symptoms and treatment options.
Acute renal insufficiency in dogs
A distinction is made between acute and chronic renal insufficiency in dogs. The acute form can, for example, be triggered by infectious diseases or a temporary lack of blood circulation, for example due to a shock.
If acute renal insufficiency is diagnosed promptly and the appropriate therapeutic measures are initiated, it can usually be treated well and the kidneys can be fully restored.
Chronic renal insufficiency in dogs
Much more dangerous is the chronic renal insufficiency in dogs. More and more nephrons die in this kidney disease. Nephrons are the renal corpuscles that take over the filtering. As a result, the kidneys lose more and more of their efficiency over time.
Chronic renal insufficiency can have different causes in dogs and can occur, for example, due to the following factors:
- Genetic predisposition
- Disorders of the immune system
- Influences due to external toxins
- Tumor diseases
Why chronic renal insufficiency is so dangerous for dogs
Like humans, dogs also have two kidneys, which are equipped with a high level of performance. This is of course an advantage, as under normal circumstances it ensures sufficient filtering of toxins. Because even if parts of the kidney tissue are already damaged, the performance of the remaining tissue is still sufficient to fulfill the task of the kidneys.
On the other hand, it is also the performance that makes it difficult to detect chronic renal insufficiency in dogs in a timely manner. This is because clinical symptoms usually only occur when around 70 percent of the nephrons have already been destroyed.
Since once dead kidney tissue does not regenerate again, a late diagnosis of renal insufficiency can mean a permanent impairment of the life of the affected dog.
Symptoms of chronic renal insufficiency in dogs
Once the damage to the nephrons has progressed far enough, a whole range of symptoms can occur in dogs as a result of chronic renal insufficiency.
Among other things, chronic renal insufficiency in dogs can be associated with the following symptoms:
- Low appetite
- Weight loss
- Damaged mucous membranes
As the disease progresses, heart problems, bone demineralisation, organ calcifications, neurological disorders, anaemia and changes in the behaviour of the four-legged friend may also occur.
If the chronic renal insufficiency of the dog is not treated, it eventually leads to renal failure, which ends with the death of the animal.
Diagnosis and treatment
Whether a dog suffers from chronic renal insufficiency can be determined by urinalysis, blood tests, x-rays and ultrasound. However, it is also true here that a diagnosis is usually only possible when the kidney weakness is already quite advanced.
The necessary treatment of the dog depends on the exact cause as well as the severity of the renal insufficiency. The primary aim of the therapy is to stop or at least slow down the further death of nephrons so that at least the remaining capacity of the kidneys is maintained for as long as possible.
The extent to which the treatment of chronic renal insufficiency is successful depends not least on the cooperation of the dog owner.
Nutrition of dogs with chronic renal insufficiency
Dogs suffering from chronic renal insufficiency require a special diet containing fewer proteins and low levels of sodium and phosphorus. The reduced protein and phosphorus content helps to relieve the kidneys, while the lower sodium content relieves the cardiovascular system.
Our food tip for dogs with kidney insufficiency
Our recommendation for a regular detoxification of the kidneys
Due to their great importance, it is crucial that the functioning of the kidneys is maintained. In particular, harmful environmental influences, such as residues of medication or toxins that enter the dog's body, can affect the kidneys in the long term.
We have therefore developed a natural dietary supplement to prevent diseases such as kidney failure. Bellfor Kidney Power supports the natural detoxification processes in the dog's body and helps to remove harmful substances and relieve the kidneys.
We recommend that you use Bellfor Kidney Power regularly as a preventive measure to minimise the risk of your dog developing chronic kidney failure right from the start.