Poodle: dog food and breed portrait
The poodle is a French dog breed, which is bred in four different sizes. The FCI lists the poodle among the companion and companion dogs in group 9, section 2.
Originally the intelligent four-legged friends were bred as retrieving dogs for water hunting. Today, however, the poodle is primarily a popular family dog with a loving and friendly nature.
History of the poodle
The poodle originally comes from France, where it is called caniche and was initially used mainly for hunting ducks. Its ancestor is the water dog Barbet, also from France. In the course of time, the poodle has developed more and more into a classic social dog and has largely lost its ability to hunt. In the beginnings of poodle breeding at the end of the 19th century only small and large poodles were bred.
The breed was recognized by the FCI in 1930 and shortly afterwards a third variation of the poodle was added with the toy poodle, which was followed by the toypoodle in the 90s, so that the breed has been divided into four different sizes since then.
Today the poodle is a popular social dog in many countries, whereas in Germany especially dwarf poodles are very popular.
Characteristics of the poodle
The poodle is a slender dog with a springy gait, which should convey a certain elegance to the observer. Its most characteristic feature is the dense, curled coat, which, according to the breed standard, may be, among others, solid black, brown or white.
Since the poodle does not change its coat and the hair grows steadily, a regular visit to the groomer as well as conscientious coat care are mandatory.
The four variants of the poodle only differ in size and weight:
- The large poodle reaches a shoulder height of 45 to 60 centimetres and weighs about 20 kilos.
- The small poodle grows to a height of 35 to 45 centimetres and reaches a weight of about ten kilograms.
- The dwarf poodle reaches a height of 28 to 35 centimetres and weighs around six kilos.
- With a shoulder height of 24 to 28 centimetres and a weight of two to three kilos, the toy poodle is the smallest representative of this breed.
The life expectancy of the poodle is 12 to 15 years, although large poodles tend to die somewhat earlier. This also applies to particularly small toypoodles, whose size is below the limit of 24 centimetres.
Poodle nature and character
The poodle is an extremely adaptable dog, who with his playful nature manages to wrap his owner around his finger in no time. He prefers to be near his human family members as often as possible and enjoys mutual attention very much.
In addition, the sensitive poodle distinguishes itself across all sizes by an exceptionally high level of intelligence and willingness to learn, which among other things also makes him a great dog for beginners. Nevertheless, the education of a poodle requires a certain amount of work, which must not be neglected by the master or mistress.
Activities with the poodle
Poodles are extremely versatile and skilful. From their original use as hunting dogs, they have retained their excellent retrieving abilities until today. Poodles are therefore by far not only suitable to shine with chic hairstyles at dog shows.
They are also extremely capable dog sportsmen who are enthusiastic about numerous different disciplines and accept new challenges with great zeal. A life as a pure lapdog, however, is much too boring for a poodle and sooner or later leads to underchallenge.
In order to make the most of your poodle, the following dog sports, among others, are very suitable:
Basically, the poodle is a robust dog breed that enjoys good health. However, there are some breed typical diseases for which there is an increased risk. In addition, very small toypoodles in particular are generally more susceptible to disease, which is why their breeding is sometimes viewed critically.
The following diseases in particular occur with poodles with above-average frequency:
- As with many large dog breeds, the risk of hip dysplasia is increased in the large poodle. The joint disease is painful and can lead to lameness in the long run.
- In addition, large poodles can suffer a stomach twist relatively easily. This is a life-threatening emergency which must be treated surgically without delay.
- The smaller variants of the poodle are more prone to progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). This hereditary eye disease leads to a death of the retina until the dog becomes completely blind.
- Cataract (medical term: cataract) is also one of the eye diseases that the poodle suffers from above average.
- Toy and dwarf poodles have an increased risk of patella luxation, which is characterized by a painful jumping out of the patella.
- Poodles are among the breeds which are particularly affected by sebadenitis. This is an inflammatory disease that destroys the sebaceous glands and causes hair loss.
The right diet for the poodle
A balanced diet is very important for the health and well-being of the poodle. Various factors such as age, weight and sporting activities play a role in your dog's energy requirements. As the weight of the poodle can range from 2 to 20 kilos, the differences are correspondingly large.
As a general rule, however, you should pay particular attention to the quality of your dog's food. With the Bellfor nutrition concept you are exactly right for your poodle.
Because our products contain only natural ingredients and a particularly high proportion of food-grade animal ingredients. They are therefore very well tolerated and provide you with reliable support for the appropriate nutrition of your poodle.
In addition to wet or dry food, we recommend that you supplement the nutrition of your poodle with the following products:
- Bellfor Joints & Bones with Ovopet provides your poodle with important nutrients for joint health and can help to counteract complaints such as hip dysplasia or patella luxation.
- Bellfor Skin & Coat provides your poodle with selected ingredients such as brewer's yeast and insect protein, which can make a valuable contribution to a dense and shiny coat.