Gastritis in dogs: causes, treatment and prevention
Gastritis is relatively common in dogs. It can be either acute or chronic and can be caused by a variety of causes.
In the following you will learn how to recognise gastritis in your dog, which treatment measures are promising and what you can do to prevent it.
Gastritis in dogs: what is it?
Gastritis is an inflammation of the dog's gastric mucosa. It occurs when the normally existing protective layer is damaged and stomach acid can attack the stomach walls.
As histamines are released as a result of inflammation of the gastric mucosa, the symptoms increase over time. Initially, gastritis only occurs acutely in dogs. If no treatment is given, it sooner or later develops into chronic gastritis.
Causes of gastritis in dogs
If a dog suffers from gastritis, there can be many reasons. In addition to food intolerances, the cause may also be an infestation with intestinal parasites or excessive stress.
In addition, the inflammation of the gastric mucosa of the dog can be triggered, for example, by the administration of medication, swallowed foreign bodies and various diseases or eating the snow in winter.
Detecting gastritis in dogs
The symptoms of gastritis in dogs are similar to those of an ordinary gastrointestinal infection. Many dog owners are therefore likely to find it difficult to diagnose.
The following symptoms may indicate that your dog is suffering from gastritis:
- Severe vomiting
- Stomach pains
- Bile secretion in vomit
In the case of chronic gastritis, affected dogs also lose weight due to a lack of appetite. In addition, the animal's coat becomes dull and its mucous membranes noticeably pale as the disease progresses.
If there is blood in the vomit, this indicates that the four-legged friend has gastritis as well as a stomach ulcer. This also applies to black faeces, which is a typical sign of old blood from the stomach.
Dogs with gastritis are a case for the veterinarian
If you notice symptoms of gastritis in your dog, a visit to the vet is unavoidable. The veterinarian can perform an ultrasound of the stomach and blood tests for diagnosis.
If there is a chronic gastritis, further tests are usually necessary to find the cause. In this case, the veterinarian will, among other things, perform an examination of the upper small intestine and stomach and examine your dog for various pathogens.
Treating acute and chronic gastritis in dogs
The measures required to treat your dog's gastritis depend largely on the course of the disease. Acute gastritis requires a different procedure than chronic gastritis.
Treating an acute gastritis in dogs
In acute gastritis, the treatment consists primarily of fasting. In order to calm the stomach, the affected dog is not fed for 24 hours. During this time it is important to provide the dog with sufficient water.
If necessary, a remedy against nausea can also be administered to the animal. Acute gastritis in dogs can usually be treated well and healed completely within one to two weeks. If the dog has lost too much fluid through vomiting and diarrhoea, it may be necessary to treat the dog with an infusion.
Treating chronic gastritis in dogs
In contrast, the treatment of chronic gastritis is often more complicated. This is because it can have different causes, each of which requires different measures. While the treatment of chronic gastritis must be accompanied by a worming cure due to parasites, for example, an infection may require the administration of antibiotics.
If the veterinarian cannot determine an exact trigger, a combination of immunosuppressants such as cortisone and tablets, which inhibit gastric acid production, is usually used in the treatment of chronic gastritis. In addition, a change in diet is advisable. Chronic gastritis can also be treated well. However, it can take several months until your dog is completely healed.
Gastro Relax as support against diarrhoea
To counteract the diarrhoea caused by gastritis in your dog, we recommend a dietary supplement with Bellfor Gastro Relax. Thanks to its special composition, this natural preparation is an effective remedy against diarrhoea in dogs and is therefore ideal for supporting veterinary treatment.
Preventing gastritis in dogs
A hundred percent protection against gastritis is of course not possible. Nevertheless, gastritis is a dog disease that can be prevented very reliably with a little care.
If you want to reduce the likelihood of gastritis in your dog, you must essentially counteract the causes of the disease.
This means, among other things, that you should avoid excessive stress for your four-legged friend. It is also important to vaccinate your dog as certain pathogens, such as distemper viruses, can lead to gastritis.
Also make sure that you treat your dog promptly with worms or Giardia or, at best, prevent them from occurring in the first place. For this purpose, we recommend Bellfor Vermal, which is also suitable for prophylactic use thanks to its natural ingredients.
The right diet for gastritis in dogs
Last but not least, you should also be aware of the importance of diet in connection with gastritis in dogs. A high-quality dog food can significantly reduce the risk of food allergies and intolerances.
This not only has a positive effect on the well-being of your dog, but also reduces the likelihood of gastritis.
Our hypoallergenic insect-based dog food is particularly digestible. The insect protein contained in it from the larvae of the black soldier fly is very well tolerated and has a high digestibility.
It is therefore the ideal alternative for nutritionally sensitive animals and can also make a valuable contribution to the prevention of gastritis in your dog.