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Pomeranian: dog food and breed portrait

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a small dog from Germany. It is the smallest of the five variants of the German Spitz. The Pomeranian is also known under the name Pomeranian and enjoys great popularity in many countries as a handy social dog.

History of the Pomeranian

Spitze belong to the oldest dog breeds at all. For the Pomeranian, however, this applies only conditionally. Because the breeding of the small four-legged friend has only really gained importance in the last decades.


Nevertheless, the first Pomeranian existed in Pomerania more than 200 years ago. From there they finally reached Great Britain, where they were given the name Pomeranian due to their origin. For a long time, the Pomeranian was mainly common in Great Britain. In the 1970s, breeding efforts in Germany were intensified again. In the meantime, according to the puppy statistics of the VDH, 200 to 300 Pomeranian are born here every year.

Characteristics of the Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a small dog that, according to the breed standard, only reaches a shoulder height of 18 to 24 centimetres. Its weight is usually a maximum of three kilograms and according to the standard should fit its size.


The shape of the head reminds a little bit of a fox. The pygmy spitz has small, narrow ears and quick, dark eyes, which give it a bold appearance.


However, the most striking optical feature of the Pomeranian is undoubtedly the luxuriant coat, which contributes significantly to the characteristic appearance of the small quadruped. At the neck it forms a mane-like collar. The tail of the dwarf shrew is also densely coated and is carried bent over the back.


According to the breed standard the coat may be orange, brown, black, white and grey cloudy. However, other colours are also permitted.

Pomeranian character and temperament

Anyone who thinks that the Pomeranian must be reserved or even fearful because of its compact dimensions is mistaken. The truth is that the Pomeranian often gives the impression that it is not really aware of its small size.


Accordingly, he proves to be extremely self-confident and sometimes even a little arrogant. Even towards clearly larger conspecifics the dwarf spitz usually does not show any shyness.


Nevertheless he is a friendly and cheerful dog who gets along very well with other dogs in the household and builds up a very close relationship with his owners.


However, the barking joy of the Pomeranian occasionally proves to be problematic. If you live in a tenement house, you should not have too noise-sensitive neighbours if possible.

Activities with the Pomeranian

Activities with the Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is an active dog that wants to be regularly moved and kept busy. Besides long walks he is also enthusiastic about one or the other discipline of dog sports.


An agility course adapted to his size is just as much fun for the Pomeranian as dog dancing, obedience or joint ball games with his owner.


Thanks to his friendly and eager to learn nature, the Pomeranian is also very well suited to be trained as a therapy dog and then to work with senior citizens in old people's homes, for example.

Pomeranian diseases

The life expectancy of the dwarf spitz is usually between 12 and 16 years. It is generally considered to be robust and easy to care for. However, ongoing efforts to keep the animals as small as possible have made them susceptible to some health problems.

Among other things, the Lesser Spike has an increased risk of the following complaints:

  • Malpositioning of the kneecaps leads comparatively often to a patella luxation.
  • Due to a tracheal collapse, acute breathing difficulties may occur.
  • Particularly with too little exercise, small dogs tend to become overweight quickly.

In addition, the heat often causes the Pomeranian to suffer in summer due to the thick fur. Apart from that, the coat proves to be surprisingly easy to groom despite its texture. Nevertheless, it should of course be brushed regularly and cleaned when necessary. This not only prevents the hair from becoming matted, but also reduces the risk of skin parasites such as fleas or mites.

Bellfor Skin & Coat Powder

The right diet for the Pomeranian

The Zwergspitz does not need much food to get full. For an optimal nutrient supply, however, it is important that you pay attention to high quality when buying food.


Grain should not be included in a good dog food for the Pomeranian. Instead, give preference to products made from natural ingredients and with a high meat content.


We recommend feeding your Pomeranian with Bellfor favourite menu.


The tasty wet food is available with either chicken or lamb. A hypoallergenic insect-based variety is also available for nutritionally sensitive animals.

In addition, the following food supplements can be useful for the Pomeranian if required:

With the special nutritional concept from Bellfor you support the health and well-being of your Pomeranian from a very young age until old age.


Now collect food for your dog!

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