Gingivitis in dogs: identify and treat gingivitis
Many dogs suffer from gingivitis. Some breeds are particularly susceptible to it. Regardless of this, gingivitis, as the medical term for gingivitis is known, is extremely painful for affected animals.
The following section explains the possible causes of gingivitis in your dog and the symptoms it can cause. We will also explain the treatment and prevention options available to you.
Typical symptoms of gingivitis in dogs
A just beginning gingivitis is difficult for dog owners to recognize. This is because at first it is hardly noticeable through visible symptoms. If your dog has strong bad breath, this can be the first sign of gingivitis.
If you don't act in time, it's only a matter of time before the symptoms get worse and worse. After a while, gingivitis can be identified both by looking in the mouth and by the dog's behaviour.
Gingivitis in dogs can manifest itself through the following symptoms, among others:
- Severe halitosis
- Bloody or purulent saliva
- One-sided chewing
- Frequent scratching of the mouth
- Refusal of dried fodder
- Growling of the feeding dish
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Swollen, reddened gums
- Exposed tooth necks
- Loose teeth
If the inflammation of the gums is already very advanced, it can even happen that the dog loses individual teeth.
Diagnosis of gingivitis in dogs
If you recognize one or even several of the above-mentioned symptoms in your dog, it is likely that your dog suffers from an inflammation of his gums. If this is the case, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
After all, the sooner treatment is started, the sooner your dog will have got over the inflammation and the less likely it is that secondary diseases or chronic complaints will occur.
The veterinarian can examine your dog's teeth and determine the exact cause of the gingivitis. Depending on the diagnosis, the appropriate treatment measures can then be determined.
Possible causes of gingivitis in dogs
There are several possible causes for gingivitis in dogs. In many cases, plaque forms first, which quickly turns into tartar without regular dental care.
Since tartar in dogs leads to an increased colonisation of bacteria in the mouth, it is then only a matter of time before the gums become inflamed. Small wounds in the mouth further promote the development of gingivitis in this case.
Other factors that can cause gingivitis in dogs include nutrient deficiency, tumors in the mouth, existing malpositioned teeth, and some autoimmune diseases.
Treatment of inflammation of the gums in dogs
In order to successfully treat gingivitis in dogs, it is necessary to identify and eliminate the exact cause. In the case of minor complaints, it is occasionally sufficient to treat the mouth with an anti-inflammatory agent.
If, for example, the four-legged friend suffers from caries or inflamed tooth roots, the affected teeth will most likely have to be extracted. Otherwise it is practically impossible to eliminate the gingivitis permanently.
For dogs with tartar, in most cases there is no way around professional teeth cleaning. In order to be able to perform this, the veterinarian must put the dog under general anaesthetic. Then teeth and gum pockets are cleaned and the four-legged friend's teeth are polished.
Depending on the cause, the treatment of gingivitis in dogs may also require the administration of antibiotics. The four-legged friend must then usually take this over several days.
Prognosis for dogs with gingivitis
How good the chances of recovery for dogs with gingivitis are depends mainly on the timing of treatment and the severity of the gingivitis. Provided you and your four-legged friend visit the vet promptly, his or her complaints should normally be easily manageable.
However, in order to prevent a recurrence of gingivitis, you will need to pay more attention to your dog's dental care in the future. Otherwise, there is a good chance that the treatment will not be a lasting success.
Avoid inflammation of the gums in dogs
Ideally, you should prevent your dog's gums from becoming inflamed from the outset. In addition to regular check-ups at the vet, conscientious dental care is particularly important.
In this context, make sure that the dog food of your choice does not contain any additional sugar. In addition, special dog chews can help to clean your dog's teeth and prevent complaints.
For this purpose, we recommend that you use Dental Sticks from Bellfor. The special composition of the natural chewing snack ensures the release of enzymes that enable dogs' teeth to be thoroughly cleaned and effectively counteract the development of gum inflammation.
Our alternative to brushing your dog's teeth
Regular tooth brushing with a suitable toothbrush and special dog toothpaste helps to remove food residues and plaque in a timely manner.
In this way, the risk of problems such as gum inflammation can be significantly reduced. At the same time, however, brushing the teeth also involves a lot of effort. It is also not well accepted by all dogs.
For this reason, we have developed Bellfor Dental Powder as the perfect alternative. Bellfor Dental Powder only needs to be mixed into the dog's food once a day and its special ingredients ensure effective removal of plaque and tartar.
Gingivitis in dogs - our conclusion
Gingivitis is very unpleasant for your dog. Without prompt treatment, it can even lead to the loss of teeth and thus permanently impair the quality of life of your four-legged friend.
Therefore, it is best not to give your dog's gums a chance of gingivitis from the outset and ensure permanently healthy teeth with the natural dental care products from Bellfor.